Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia
The rising instance of Prostate enlargement has shift the focus of medical fraternity towards the gravity of this health condition. Though it is not a serious condition, but many men suffer from an enlargement of prostate gland; the condition is known as Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia, i.e. BHP.
What Is Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia?
Also known as Benign Prostatic Hypertrophy, Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia is a condition in which an enlargement occurs in the prostate gland of men. The enlargement is non- cancerous in nature and thus, it is not a very serious health issue. It is a very common problem during senescence. Majority of men, as many as half, that are above the age of 75 years show some symptoms of BPH.
Urethra, the urinary tract organ, is a tube which is responsible for carrying urine from the urinary bladder and throwing it out of the body, is surrounded by the prostate gland. When any sort of enlargement occurs in the prostate gland, it tends to squeeze or partially block the urethra, posing a trouble in passing urine.
There are many misconceptions related to Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia. To clear them all; BPH is not a cancerous condition. It does not lead to erectile dysfunction. It does not; in anyway affect the fertility of a man. A man who has BPH can be a father without any problem.
What Are The Causes Of Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia?
It is considered as a common senile problem due to hormonal changes and changes in cell growth.
What Are The Symptoms Of Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia?
As BPH tends to block the urethra, partially or completely, urinary symptoms manifest as:
- Trouble in initiating a proper urine stream or the stream doesn’t manifest completely which is known as dribbling.
- A very weak urine stream.
- Feeling a persistent urge to urinate. This urge may sometimes wake you up at the night.
- Feeling that the bladder isn’t completely empty even after emptying the bladder.
In a few instances, the urethra may be completely blocked by BPH. In these cases, men find it extremely difficult or almost impossible to pass urine. This may lead to urinary retention, kidney stones, bladder infections or renal damage.
How Is Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia Diagnosed?
The diagnosis of Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia is done by considering the symptoms and past history. The doctor may carry out a physical examination to rule out the condition. The tests that are done to determine BPH are:
- Urinalysis (Urine Test)
- Digital Rectal Exam
- Prostate - Specific Antigen (PSA) Test
What Is The Treatment Of Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia?
In case of mild to moderate BPH, no treatment is required. In this case home treatment is recommended. The home treatment modalities include:
- Double voiding, i.e. urinating- relaxing- urinating again.
- Avoiding medications like antihistamines, allergy pills and decongestants.
- Avoiding alcohol and caffeine.
If the symptoms are severe and home treatment modalities do not work, medications are given. But, the medications are not a permanent treatment.
In severe cases, surgery is indicated.